A glossary of terms.


Australian Qualifications Framework.


Australian Skills Quality Authority.

Bumping in/bumping out

The set-up and preparation/dismantling and removal of an event, such as a wedding, by an event florist or floral designer.


The study of insects. In floriculture, the focus is on understanding and managing insects that are pests to flower or foliage crops, or on those that are beneficial for pollination or pest control.


Flower Association of Queensland Inc.


To provide a flower or foliage crop with the nutrients required for healthy plants that produce a high yield of quality cut flower or foliage products.


A specialised branch of horticulture relating to the production of ornamental cut flower and foliage products.


Plant leaves or greenery that is used in floristry.


A group with certain characteristics in common, as part of a system of naming and classifying plants and other living things.


To sort harvested cut flower or foliage products according to certain characteristics or specifications, such as quality, size or stem length.


A permanent structure usually made of clear glass and often climate controlled, which protects crops from weather and helps to trap heat and light to control the growth of plants.


The growing of plants without soil and providing their needs via a nutrient solution.


Industry development officer.

Integrated pest management (IPM)

The management of pests in a plant crop using a variety of methods, including monitoring, biological controls and the selective use of chemicals, with an aim to minimise the impact on people and the environment.


To provide a flower or foliage crop with the water required for healthy plants that produce a high yield of quality cut flower or foliage products.


The use of tissue culture processes to grow plants from original plant material, providing large numbers of new plants that can be grown into a crop with desirable characteristics for floristry.


The study of disease. In floriculture, plant pathology involves the investigation of disease cycles, the impacts of disease on crops and disease management.


A plastic structure which can protect cut flower or foliage crops from extremes of weather, extend the growing season or allow the grower to manipulate the growing environment in terms of temperature and humidity.

Propagation material

The starting material for growing a new plant crop, such as seeds, bulbs or cuttings.

R&D (or RD&E)

Research and development. Sometimes the term RD&E is used, which stands for research, development and extension.


Registered training organisation.


Technical and Further Education.

Tissue culture

The process of growing new cloned plants from original plant tissue that is provided with its nutritional and other requirements under sterile conditions.

Traditional flower

A globally traded, best-selling florist flower, sometimes referred to as a ‘soft’ flower.


Vocational education and training.


A collective term for flowers and foliages native to Australia, as well as certain South African species that are commonly grown in Australia.

Wild harvesting 

The collection under licence of floral products growing in the natural environment.

Careers in flowers and foliage